Developed by Seabourne Consulting, experts in Transgender and Nonbinary People

Transgender and Nonbinary People


Transgender and Nonbinary (TGNB) people are individuals whose gender identity and expression are different from the cisgender norms most commonly-accepted in our society. TGNB is an umbrella phrase which references a diversity of nuanced human identities, including: Transgender, Nonbinary, Intersex, Genderqueer, Gender Non-Conforming (GNC), Two Spirit, Agender, Bigender, Gender Fluid, Gender Flux, Questioning, and many more. TGNB is often used interchangeably with the terms gender expansive, trans*, and non-cisgender.


For Transgender and Nonbinary people whose gender, name, and pronouns assigned at birth aren’t reflective of who they are, the single moment of gender assignment sparks a life-long battle for inclusion, respect, and belonging. TGNB people belong everywhere and deserve to feel that they belong. They deserve autonomy to live open, authentic lives without fear of discrimination, harassment, judgement, or violence.


Despite decades of tireless advocacy, TGNB people are still significantly more likely than their cisgender peers to experience violence (50% of transgender people have been sexually assaulted), harassment (53% of transgender people have experienced public harassment), and discrimination (90% of transgender people have experienced mistreatment or discrimination in their workplaces). These disparities are often further compounded by isolation, discriminatory laws, and a lack of access to appropriate primary and mental health care. Transgender and nonbinary people who are femme, disabled, queer, and/or of color—especially trans women of color—are most disproportionately impacted.


Many factors—both historical and contemporary—contribute to and perpetuate these harsh disparities. Prior to American colonization, more than 150 Indigenous tribal nations acknowledged other or “third” genders. By the mid-1800’s, however, it was illegal to be transgender or even to wear clothes that did not match one’s assigned gender in public. Historically, gender expansive people were subject to therapies to “cure” them, and Two Spirit people were systematically persecuted and erased. Today, some laws have changed, but some still remain. For example, TGNB are still required in many states to undergo invasive (often sterilizing) surgeries in order to legally change their gender on identification documents, and intersex people are still forced to endure non-consensual gender reassignment surgery as infants or children.


The lack of consistent legal protections regarding gender identity and expression creates barriers to improving TGNB health. Decisions and policies that impact the well-being of gender expansive people—like appropriate use of force by law enforcement, bathroom rights, businesses’ rights to refuse service, identity document laws, and transgender healthcare standards—vary by state and local jurisdiction. When layered with similar lack of protections against racial injustice, the risks are even more significant for TGNB people of color. White transgender people are twice as likely as cisgender people to be unemployed due to discrimination, but transgender people of color are four times more likely.


The TGNB community advocates for trans workers’ rights and access to public bathrooms, and against police violence and anti-trans healthcare legislation. At scale, we can advance TGNB health by advocating for policies and laws that protect transgender and nonbinary people at home, at work, and in public, regardless of their state or local jurisdiction. Local communities can support TGNB businesses, create safe spaces for TGNB youth, push for EDI (Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion) trainings, and advocate for policies that protect TGNB people from violence, harassment, and discrimination in all aspects of their lives. Because transgender and nonbinary peoples’ health is intrinsically tied to their ability to express their gender, we can also participate in improving TGNB health by using correct pronouns, chosen names, and gender-affirming language. Even small actions can foster belonging and be life-saving.


      

Resources & Tools


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Priority Populations Channel
Resource - Data Bank/repository
Brought to you by Community Commons
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Beyond Allyship: Leveraging Activism Tools to Improve Transgender and Nonbinary Health
Story - Original
Brought to you by Community Commons
Published on 01/26/2022
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Beyond Inclusion: Pronoun Use for Health and Well-Being
Story - Original
Brought to you by Community Commons
Published on 10/20/2021
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The Growing Gap: Gender Pay Equity, Meaningful Work, and Wealth during COVID-19
Story - Original
Brought to you by Community Commons
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Affirming Primary Care for Intersex People
Resource - Guide/handbook
Brought to you by National LGBTQIA+ Health Education Center
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Exploring Two-Spirit: Tribal Learning Series
Resource - Webinar
Brought to you by North Sound ACH
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LGBTQI Trauma and Internalized Shame
Resource - Website/webpage
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Blueprint for Positive Change 2020
Resource - Policy Brief
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Talking about Pronouns in the Workplace
Resource - Guide/handbook
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Transgender Workplace Rights
Resource - Website/webpage
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LGBT Foundation: Evidence Exchange
Resource - Website/webpage
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Queer reproductive justice?
Resource - Journal Article
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GLSEN Pronoun Guide
Resource - Guide/handbook
Brought to you by GLSEN
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LGBTQIA+ Health Education Center
Resource - Website/webpage
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LGBTQ Health: The Data Trail
Resource - Journal Article
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Transgender Incarcerated People in Crisis
Resource - Website/webpage
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Know Your Rights: LGBTQ Rights
Resource - Website/webpage
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LGBT Data Collection
Resource - Written
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Searchable LGBTQ Resource Database
Resource - Website/webpage
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The Trans Community of Christopher Street
Story - Written
Brought to you by TNY
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Two Spirits
Story - Video
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Sylvia Rivera
Story - Written
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LGBTQ+ People and Identity-Based Stress
Story - Original
Brought to you by Community Commons
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Taking Action for Reproductive Justice: Our Favorite Tools, Resources, and Data
Story - Original
Brought to you by Community Commons
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Counting All in Our Communities: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data
Story - Original
Brought to you by Community Commons
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Taking Action to End Gun Violence: Our Top Tools, Resources, Stories, and Data
Story - Original
Brought to you by Community Commons
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Transgender Amid Orthodoxy: I Am Who I Will Be
Story - Audio
Brought to you by On Being
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LGBTQ+ Healthcare Equality Index 2022
Tool - Data/mapping Tool
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LGBTQ Equality by State
Tool - Data/mapping Tool
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American Values Atlas
Tool - Data/mapping Tool
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LGBT Data and Demographics
Tool - Data/mapping Tool
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Imagine Fox Cities: Well-Being Data Tool
Tool - Data/mapping Tool

Data & Metrics


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LGBTQ+ Health Equity Library
Library
Published on 03/01/2022
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BIPOC Health Equity Library
Library
Published on 09/27/2022
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Indigenous Knowledge Library
Library
Published on 08/04/2022

 Related Topics


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LGBTQ+ Youth

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Gender Pay Equity

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Reproductive Justice

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LGBTQ+ People